The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration was approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 19 December 2018. The Compact is based on 10 guiding principles which promote a vision centred on people, international cooperation, national sovereignty, the Rule of Law, sustainable development, respect for human rights, gender equality, the best interests of the child and a holistic approach to migration, while involving all levels of the Administration and civil society. These principles are reflected in the 23 objectives of the Compact and will continuously be implemented by the signatory States through national plans. In fact, in paragraph 53, the Compact «encourage[s] all Member States to develop, as soon as practicable, ambitious national responses for the implementation of the Global Compact, and to conduct regular and inclusive reviews of progress at the national level, such as through the voluntary elaboration and use of a national implementation plan. (…)».
Portugal has engaged in the process that led to the creation of the Compact, from its launch in September 2016 until its conclusion two years later. In August 2019, Portugal became one of the first countries to approve its National Implementation Plan, conceived as an operational document, oriented to practical and accurate results and following the 23 objectives of the Compact.